# Mathematics year 1–10 (MAT01‑05) Competence aims and assessment

Examples of connections

## Competence aims after year 3

• develop and use suitable strategies for subtracting in practical situations
• explore and explain relationships between addition and subtraction and use this in one’s own mental arithmetic and problem solving
• explore multiplication by counting
• experiment with multiplication and division in everyday situations
• represent multiplication in different ways and switch between the different representations
• use commutative, associative and distributive properties to explore and describe strategies in multiplication
• describe equality and inequality in comparing sizes, sets, expressions and numbers and use the symbol for equals and does not equal
• explore equilibrium and balance in practical situations, represent this in different ways and switch between the different representations
• use different units of measurement for length and mass in practical situations and argue for the choice of unit of measurement
• experiment with and explain positions in the coordinate system
• create and follow rules and step-by-step instructions in play and games related to the coordinate system