 # Mathematics year 1–10 (MAT01‑05) Competence aims and assessment

## Competence aims after year 3

• develop
and use
suitable strategies for subtracting in practical situations
• explore
and explain relationships between addition and subtraction and use
this in one’s own mental arithmetic and problem solving
• explore
multiplication by counting
• experiment with multiplication and division in everyday situations
• represent multiplication in different ways and switch between the different representations
• use
commutative, associative and distributive properties to explore
and describe
strategies in multiplication
• describe
equality and inequality in comparing sizes, sets, expressions and numbers and use
the symbol for equals and does not equal
• explore
equilibrium and balance in practical situations, represent this in different ways and switch between the different representations
• use
different units of measurement for length and mass in practical situations and argue for the choice of unit of measurement
• experiment with and explain positions in the coordinate system
• create and follow rules and step-by-step instructions in play and games related to the coordinate system