Geosciences - Programme subject in programme for Specialization in General Studies (GFG1-01)

Main subject areas

A changing earth

Geosciences X and geosciences 1

The main subject area is concerned with how rock types and land forms are created. The subject discusses natural process that lead to changes to rock types, land forms and the atmosphere. The main subject area also covers the fact that these changes occur along a time scale that stretches from billions of years after the earth's formation up to the hours and minutes of local weather phenomena.

Geosciences 2

The main subject area is concerned with water currents in the seas and oceans and how these affect the climate. Furthermore, the focus is on ongoing natural process that lead to changes in the seas, oceans and the atmosphere. The main subject area also covers the subject of climatic changes that might be caused by human beings.

Natural disasters

The main subject area is concerned with how natural disasters affect nature, society and human beings. It also involves the consequences of natural disasters and how they are presented in the media. The main subject area also covers organized initiatives during natural disasters, such as early warnings, preparedness and physical measures, and the significance of international cooperation and assistance efforts.

Tools of geosciences

The main subject area is concerned with practical work with the different tools used in the geosciences. Maps and surveying are discussed here, as well as digitalized maps and Global Position Systems (GPS). This main subject area also covers Geography Information systems (GIS) and other background information, such as statistics, satellite images, radar plotting, weather maps and weather forecasting.

Geosciences research

Geosciences 1

The main subject area is concerned with experiments and research related to geoscientific conditions within a chosen area outside of Scandinavia. The interrelationships between the environment, natural conditions and resources are a part of this main subject area.

Geosciences 2

The main subject area is concerned with current research within the geosciences. It focuses on investigation of the conditions in a geotope. The term ‘geotope’ in the main subject area is used to signify a delimited geographic area and to describe characteristic conditions of bedrock, land forms, water, loose masses and local climates in this area. The main subject area also is concerned with how weather reports are prepared.

Climate change

The main subject area is concerned with climate change following the last Ice Age, the extent to which latest climate changes are caused by natural processes, or whether these are caused by human beings. Climate change in polar areas and the consequence of this are central themes in this main subject area.

Geoscientific resources

The main subject area is concerned with how society can utilize rock types, loose masses, water and the atmosphere. It focuses on how rock types and loose masses can be used as raw materials for industry, road construction and building and construction. It also is concerned with earthly resources as sources of energy. Technologies that use solar energy, thermal energy from the earth, air and water, and wind or wave energy are important parts of this main subject area.

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