Formative assessment shall help to promote learning and develop competence in the subject. The pupils demonstrate and develop competence in natural science in Years 8, 9 and 10 when they use relevant subject-related terminology, theories and models to describe, explain and discuss natural-science phenomena. They also demonstrate and develop competence when they explore, argue, analyse and reflect on natural-science topics and the interconnections between them, and assess their findings and results. They also demonstrate and develop competence when they apply the practices of the subject, and when they reflect on how natural-science knowledge is developed. The pupils also demonstrate competence when they use programming and explore technology.
The teacher shall facilitate for pupil participation and stimulate their desire to learn by facilitating for varied, practical and exploratory ways of working. The teacher and pupils shall engage in dialogue about their development in natural science. The pupils shall be given the opportunity to explore and experiment. With the competence the pupils have demonstrated as the starting point, they shall have the opportunity to express what they believe they have achieved, and reflect on their development in the subject. The teacher shall provide guidance on further learning and adapt the teaching to enable the pupils to use the guidance to develop their competence in natural science.