Natural Science subject curriculum (NAT1-03)

Competence aims after Year Level 10

The budding researcher

  • formulate testable hypotheses, plan and undertake hypothesis testing and discuss observations and results from trials in a report
  • gather and process natural science data, perform calculations and present the results in a graphic manner
  • write explanatory and argumentative texts with references to relevant sources, evaluate the quality of one’s own texts and those of others making appropriate revisions
  • explain the importance of looking for relationships between cause and effect and explain why argumentation, disagreement and publication are important in natural science
  • identify natural science arguments, facts and assertions in texts and visual information from newspapers, brochures and other forms of media and evaluate the content of these in a critical manner
  • comply with safety measures as described in environment, health and safety (EHS) routines and risk assessments

Diversity in nature

  • explain the main features of the theory of evolution and give an account of observations that support this theory
  • describe the structure of animal and plant cells and explain the main characteristics of photosynthesis and cellular respiration
  • elaborate on cell division and genetic variation and heritage
  • explain the main characteristics of theories on how the earth is changing and has changed over the eons and the underpinning of these theories
  • investigate and register biotic and abiotic factors in a local ecosystem and explain the relationship between these factors
  • observe and provide examples of how human activities have affected a nature area, investigate the views of different interest groups on these effects and propose measures that might preserve nature for future generations
  • give examples of how Sami people exploit resources in nature

Body and health

  • describe the nervous system and the endocrine system and explain how these control body processes
  • provide a short description of fetal development and how birth occurs
  • formulate assertions and discuss and elaborate on problems related to sexuality, sexual orientation, gender identity, setting limits and respect, sexually transferrable diseases, prevention and abortion
  • explain how one’s own lifestyle can influence health, including dieting and eating disorders, compare information from different sources and discuss how one can prevent health risks
  • provide examples of folk medicine, including Sami folk medicine, and discuss the difference between alternative medicine and academic medicine

Phenomena and substances

  • describe the universe and different theories of how it has developed
  • investigate a theme from exploring the outer space; compare and present information from different sources
  • assess characteristics of elements and compounds using the periodic table
  • examine the properties of some substances used in everyday life and make simple calculations related to diluting solutions
  • examine and classify pure substances and compounds based on solubility in water, combustion, acidity and basicity
  • plan and carry out experiments with detection reactions, separation of substances in a mixture and analysis of an unknown substance
  • examine hydrocarbons, alcohols, carboxylic acids and carbohydrates, describe the substances and give examples of their fabrication and areas of use
  • explain how crude oil and natural gas have come about
  • use terms such as current, voltage, resistance, output and induction to explain results from experiments with electrical circuits
  • explain how we can produce electrical energy from renewable and non-renewable energy sources and discuss the environmental effects that arise from different ways of producing energy
  • elaborate on the concepts of velocity and acceleration, measure magnitudes using simple aids and give examples of how power is connected to acceleration
  • carry out experiments and simple calculations with work, energy and output
  • elaborate on how traffic safety equipment prevents and reduces injuries in accidents
  • carry out experiments with light, vision and colour;describe and explain results

Technology and design

  • develop products based on specifications that use electronics, evaluate the design process and assess product functionality, user friendliness and sustainable development
  • test and describe the characteristics of materials used in a production process and evaluate the use of materials from an environmental standpoint
  • describe an electronic communication system, explain how information is transferred from sender to recipient and give an account of the positive and negative consequences related to this system

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