Understanding their own learning processes and their development in subjects will contribute to the pupils' independence and sense of mastering. The teaching and training shall fuel the pupils' motivation, promote good attitudes and learning strategies, and form the basis for lifelong learning. This means that the teachers must monitor their pupils' development closely and give them support appropriate for their age, maturity and functional level.
By reflecting on learning, both their own and others', the pupils can gradually develop an awareness of their own learning processes. Pupils who learn to formulate questions, seek answers and express their understanding in various ways will gradually be able to assume an active role in their own learning and development. By working with challenges in the subjects, the pupils will acquire knowledge about how they learn and develop in each subject. Deeper insight is developed when the pupils understand relationships between fields of knowledge and when they master a variety of strategies to acquire, share and use knowledge critically.
In spite of their personal efforts and use of learning strategies some pupils will have learning challenges. There are often many and complex reasons for this. The ambition of developing the lifelong learning ability in all pupils thus requires a broad approach from the school.