Technology and theory of research - programme subject in programmes for Specialization in General Studies (TNF1-01)

Technology and theory of research 2

The young researcher

The aims of the training are to enable the apprentice to
  • give an account of a research project in a company or institution, and describe problems, organization, measuring equipment, results and financing of this
  • plan and execute scientific investigations based on their own ideas, and present this in scientific form
  • elaborate on and discuss results from their own investigations related to relevant knowledge in the field, and evaluate how control of variables and reproducibility is upheld

Scientific working methods

The aims of the training are to enable the apprentice to
  • explain what is meant by model, theory and hypothesis, and give an account of how these are used and developed in research
  • elaborate on and discuss by using examples of how empirical data can confirm/negate a hypothesis
  • give an account of how research develops, and how quality is assured through cooperation, critical evaluations and argumentation
  • give an account of the structure of scientific publications or presentations

Research, technology, and society

The aims of the training are to enable the apprentice to
  • describe the characteristics of basic research, applied research and development work, and give an account of the main features of financing and controls
  • give an account of the significance that scientific research and technological development have for business and society
  • elaborate on and discuss economic, environmental and ethical questions associated with scientific research and technological development
  • discuss, elaborate on and give examples of how results from research, and new technology, are transmitted and used by research institutions, media, companies, special interest groups and public authorities

The philosophy of science and scientific theory

The aims of the training are to enable the apprentice to
  • describe the main features of the historical development of scientific thinking, and elaborate on and discuss the role of technology in this development
  • give an account of the main ideas of some prominent scientific theoreticians and scientific philosophers
  • evaluate how argumentation in current scientific debate rests on empirical results, theoretical knowledge and ideological points of view

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