Certificates and grading scales

Here you will find information about the different types of certificates, the Norwegian grading scale and validity.

Certificate of competence (kompetansebevis)

A certificate of competence is the documentary basis for completed and assessed upper secondary education and training which does not entitle the holder to a certificate of upper secondary education and training, a craft certificate or a journeyman’s certificate. A certificate of competence can also be issued, if required, for all education and training, at whatever level, regardless of whether it was successfully completed or not.

Certificate for upper secondary education and training (vitnemål for videregående opplæring)

A certificate for upper secondary education and training provides documentation of the successful completion of a 3-year course of education and training that gives access to university studies and documentation of vocational competence.

Absence is listed in terms of days and single hours for each year level. The reason for absence can be given on the certificate.

Certificate for primary and lower secondary education (vitnemål for grunnskolen)

A certificate for primary and lower secondary education is issued as documentation of completed primary and lower secondary education.

Pupils are assessed in non-continuing subjects at the end of their period of education and training. They receive a final mark for order and conduct at the end of their 10th year. The marks represent the competence which they have attained, based on the description in the curriculum for each subject.


The certificate shall contain the name and date of birth (11 digits), as well as information about the location, school and date it was issued. The certificate shall be signed by two persons. A valid certificate shall have the certificate number inscribed at the bottom left, consisting of a V for “vitnemål” (certificate) or K for "kompetansebevis" (certificate of competence), the school’s organization number, the year and a serial number of 5 digits.

A description of the syllabus taught on the basis of local curricula and/or other additional information is enclosed with the certificate.

Grading scales

The grading scale used in the certificates is as follows:

  • 6 – six (exceptionally high degree of competence in the subject)
  • 5 – five (very high degree of competence in the subject)
  • 4 – four (high degree of competence in the subject)
  • 3 – three (fair degree of competence in the subject)
  • 2 – two (low degree of competence in the subject)
  • 1 – one (very low degree of competence in the subject)

In certain subjects, forms of assessment other than numerical marks are used, like the the assessment form "Participated" instead of numerical marks. The relevant national curriculum stipulates which subjects and which forms of assessment that such alternative forms apply to. For private schools entitled to government subsidies a corresponding stipulation is found in the school’s curriculum approved under the Private School Act.

Craft certificate and journeyman’s certificate

For the practical part of the craft certificate and journeyman’s certificate, a tripartite grading scale is used:

  • passed with distinction
  • passed
  • failed

For an examination mark, there shall also be an indication as to whether the exam form was written ("S" for "skriftlig"), oral ("M" for "muntlig"), oral-practiacal ("MP" for "muntlig-praktisk") or practical (”P”).

The certificate may contain annotations on specific subjects. There may also be annotations that apply to the certificate as a whole.

Marks for order and conduct are given as follows:

  • good
  • fair
  • poor


Below you find translations of standard phrases in Norwegian certificates of education.

Text on top of certificate
Norwegian (bokmål)English
FødselsnummerPersonal ID no.
har i åååå beståtthas in yyyy passed
har i åååå gjennomgått grunnskoleopplæringenhas in yyyy completed his/her compulsory education
har gjennomført opplæring som omfatterhas competed education/training in
i utdanningsprogram for in the education programme for
og har oppnådd generell studiekompetanseand has achieved general university admissions certification
og har bestått fagopplæringand has passed vocational training
og har oppnådd yrkeskompetanseand has achieved vocational competence
Fortsettelse fra side 1Continued from page 1
Heading of subjects
Norwegian (bokmål)English
Standpunktkarakter (Standpunkt-karakter)Final assessment grade (Final grade)
Eksamenskarakter (Eksamens-karakter)Examination grade (Exam grade)
Eksamensform (Eks. form)Examination form (Exam form)
FellesfagCommon core subjects
Felles programfagCommon program subjects
ValgfagElective subject
Valgfrie programfagOptional programme subject
Uspesifiserte programfagUnspesified programme subjects
Prosjekt til fordypningIn-depth study project
Individuell opplæringsplanIndividual training plan
Grades and times
Norsk (bokmål)Engelsk
en, to, tre, fire, fem, seksone, two, three four, five, six
God, Nokså god, Lite godGood, Fair, Poor
S (skriftlig), M (muntlig), MP (muntlig-praktisk), P (praktisk)W (written), O (oral), OP (oral-practical), P (practical)
BM (bestått meget godt), B (bestått), IB (ikke bestått)PD (passed with distinction), P (passed), F (failed)
Bestått, Ikke beståttPassed, Not passed
IV (ikke vurderingsgrunnlag)NA (no basis for assessment)
IM (ikke møtt)FA (failed to appear)
V (vår), H (høst)S (spring), A (autumn)
Text on the bottom of certificate
Norwegian (bokmål)English
Sum omfangTotal hours
Sted og datoPlace and date
RektorHead teacher
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