Language learning takes place during encounters with English language texts. The concept of text is defined in the broadest sense: oral and written, printed and digital, graphic and artistic, formal and informal, fiction and non-fiction, contemporary and historical. The texts may contain writing, images, sounds, drawings, graphs, numbers and other forms of expression intended to emphasise and convey a message. Working with English language texts helps give pupils knowledge about and experience with linguistic and cultural diversity, as well as insight into the ways of life, traditions and cultures of other people. By reflecting on, interpreting and critically assessing different types of English language texts, pupils acquire language and knowledge about culture and society. Developing this intercultural competence enables pupils to relate to different ways of life, ways of thinking and communication patterns. They acquire a foundation for seeing their own identity and those of others in a multilingual and multicultural context.