# MATHEMATICS 2T and 2P SUBJECT CURRICULUM (MAT5-02)

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## Main subject areas

The subject has been structured into main areas for which competence aims have been formulated. These main subject areas supplement each other and must be considered together.

There are two subject curricula for this subject. Curriculum 2T is more theoretical, while variant 2P is more practical. Both variants qualify candidates for higher education together with the common core programme subject Mathematics at level Vg1 (Vg1T/Vg1P).

Overview of the main subject areas:

 Common core subject Main subject areas Vg2T Geometry Combinatorics and probability Culture and modelling Second year (Vg2) Numbers and algebra in practice Statistics Modelling Functions in practice

### Numbers and algebra in practice

The main subject area Numbers and algebra in practice focuses on developing an understanding of numbers and insight into how numbers and processing numbers are part of systems and patterns. With numbers it is possible to quantify amounts and magnitudes. Numbers include whole numbers, fractions, decimal numbers and percentages. Algebra in school generalises calculation with numbers by representing numbers with letters or other symbols. This makes it possible to describe and analyse patterns and relationships. Algebra is also used in connection with the other main subject areas.

### Geometry

Geometry in school focuses on analysing characteristics of two- and three-dimensional figures and carrying out constructions and calculations. Dynamic processes are studied, such as mirroring, rotation and displacement. The main subject area also covers describing locations and moving around grids, maps and coordinate systems.

### Statistics, probability and combinatorics

Statistics covers planning, collecting, organising, analysing and presenting data. Part of data analysis is describing general characteristics of the data material. Assessing and critically considering conclusions and presentations of data are key elements in statistics. Probability focuses on expressing in numbers the likelihood that an event will occur. Combinatorics involves systematic ways of determining numbers, and is often required for calculating probability.

### Culture and modelling

The main subject area Culture and modelling provides an overarching perspective on the subject of mathematics. The main area describes the logical structure of the subject and the subject's history and cultural role. Modelling is a fundamental process in the subject, where the starting point is something that actually exists. This is described in mathematical terms through a formulated model, and the results are discussed in light of the original situation.

### Functions in practice

A function unambiguously describes change or development of an amount that depends on another. Functions can be useful for making mathematical models of practical relationships. The main subject area Functions in practice deals with using functions to describe and analyse situations from daily life and working life.

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